New Testament Chronology

  • c. 4-6 BC
Jesus is born
  • c. 24-26
Jesus begins ministry at the age of about 30 (Luk 3:23)
  • c. 27-29
Crucifixion, resurrection
  • c. 27-30
Birth of Church on Pentecost, thousands of disciples from among the Jews are added (Acts 2:41,47, 4:4, 5:14) and increase daily so that even “a great many of the priests were becoming obedient to the faith” (Act 6:7); opposition and persecution increase commensurately (Act 4:1-3, 5:17-18,33,40) culminating in the death of Stephen, the first Martyr (Act 6:6-7:60).  Jewish persecution spreads gospel to the Samaritans (Acts 8, see esp. vss. 4-5).
  • c. 30
Saul’s conversion (Act 9:1-7).
  • c. 30-33
Paul in Damascus (Acts 9:8-25), Arabia (Gal 1:17), Jerusalem (Gal 1:18-19, Acts 9:26-29).
  • c. 33-43
Paul in Tarsus in the region of Cilicia (Acts 9:30, Gal 1:21), “the church throughout all Judea and Galilee and Samaria enjoyed peace, being built up…and continued to increase” (Act 9:31). 
  • c. 40
Peter is sovereignly directed by God to preach the gospel to Cornelius, a Gentile (Act 10:1-11:18).
  • c. 40-41
The gospel makes its way to Antioch in Syria where it begins to be preached to Gentiles also so that “a large number believed and turned to the Lord” (Act 11:19-21); Barnabas sent off there by the church in Jerusalem (Act 11:22).
  • c. 41-42
Barnabas ministers in Antioch and “considerable numbers are brought to the Lord” (Act 11:23-24)
  • c. 43
Paul to Antioch (Acts 11:25-26)
  • c. 44
Agabus from Jerusalem to Antioch predicts famine (Acts 11:27-28).
  • c. 44-47
False brethren spy out liberty of Gentile believers in Antioch; Gentile controversy brews (Gal 2:4); Matthew’s gospel written for a Jewish audience as an apologia that Jesus was the promised Messiah, making use of materials collected by Mark. 
  • c. 47
Paul to Jerusalem with Barnabas and Titus for relief of saints where he confers with Peter, James and John about the gospel to the Gentiles (Acts 11:29-30, Gal 2:1-10); returns with John Mark, Barnabas’ cousin who will serve with them as they carry forth the gospel to the Gentiles (Acts 11:25, 12:5); Mark’s gospel written to provide the new Gentile believers a written account of the life and teachings of Jesus. 
  • c. 48-49
Paul’s first missionary journey with Barnabas to Cyprus and Galatia (Acts 13-14).
  • c. 49
Peter to Antioch (Gal 2:11-16), Paul’s letter to the Galatians, the Jerusalem Council (Acts 15).
  • c. 50-52
Paul’s second missionary journey with Silas delivering the decrees to the Galatian churches where he adds Timothy to his missionary band, then on to Macedonia and Greece (Acts 15:35-18:22), letters to Thessalonians written.
  • c. 53-57
Paul’s third missionary journey revisiting the Galatian churches, on to Asia for 3 years, and then revisiting the churches in Macedonia and Corinth (Acts 18:23-21:16); letters to Corinthians and Romans written; the gospel of Luke written and distributed prior to 56 a.d. 
  • c. 57-59
Paul’ arrest in Jerusalem and Caesarean imprisonment (Acts 21:27-26:32).
  • c. 59-60
Paul’s voyage to Rome and shipwreck (Acts 27:1-28:15)
  • c. 60-62
Paul’s Roman imprisonment (Acts 28:16-31), letters to Ephesians, Colossians, Philemon and Philippians written, Acts written.
  • c. 62-66
Paul’s release from first Roman imprisonment, ministry in Crete (Titus 1:5), Ephesus and Macedonia (1 Tim 1:3), and possibly Spain (Rom 15:24,28); 1Timothy and Titus written.
  • c. 64-68
Paul’s second Roman imprisonment and execution; 2Timothy written.


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The Atonement of Christ's Blood: Understanding How the Blood of Christ Saves and Reconciles us to God

  • What is the relationship between Jesus’ sacrifice and our redemption, forgiveness and receiving an inheritance per the terms of the covenant / will that was effected by His death?
  • From what, and to what, are we saved? Is it Jesus’ death alone that saves us? What part does His resurrection have in our salvation?
  • Does the justice of God demand the satisfaction of blood before He will forgive, similar to what pagans throughout history have believed?
  • What was the purpose of the Old Testament sacrifices?
  • Does blood alone atone for sin?
  • How does Christ’s death render powerless the devil?
  • To whom was Christ’s life given as a ransom? From what are we ransomed?
  • Why did Jesus not only die, but suffer and die? If all that was necessary was His shed blood, why didn’t God sovereignly ordain a more merciful death for His own dear Son?
  • What is the relationship between a will or testament, and a covenant? What was willed to Jesus as an inheritance from His Father, and what was willed to us through the new testament in His blood?


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