Phil 1:12-18 In what two ways had Paul’s imprisonment actually resulted in the greater progress of the gospel? See Phil 1:13-14. What was the praetorian guard? See NASB text note and also Mark 15:16, Acts 23:35; note: this was the palace guard. “There were originally ten thousand of these picked soldiers, concentrated in Rome by Tiberius. They had double pay and special privileges and became so powerful that emperors had to court their favor. Paul had contact with one after another of these soldiers.” (Robertson’s Word Pictures). In what way would Paul’s bonds give courage to the brethren to speak the word of God without fear? See again Phil 1:12-13, Acts 26:28, 31-32; see also Phil 1:16. To whom does Paul refer in Phil 1:15-17 as preaching Christ from selfish ambition, envy and strife? See Phil 3:2-3, Gal 4:17, 6:12. Why did Paul’s imprisonment inspire the Judaizers to preach Christ all the more? See Phil 1:17. Did Paul fret because he was unable to freely oppose the false teaching of the Judaizers that was being proclaimed while he was a prisoner? How did he understand God’s sovereign control of the matter? See Phil 1:18. In spite of whatever battles were lost to the Judaizers while he was in prison, what ministry of Paul’s took place while he was in prison that ensured the long-term victory of the gospel? Hint: recall the books of the Bible that were written while he was in prison, including Luke’s Acts of the Apostles. What does Paul’s example and words in Phil 1:18 teach us about how we should view so-called Christian ministries that in fact are unorthodox or even heretical? Does God use them for His own ultimate purposes? See also 2 Thess 2:11-12.
Phil 1:19-26 Note: “deliverance” in Phil 1:19 is literally “salvation”; does Paul refer only to deliverance in the sense of being set free from the Roman authority? See Phil 1:20. If the truth of the gospel should prevail in Paul’s case, in what sense would it turn out for his salvation? If the pretense of those who sought to cause Paul distress in his imprisonment should prevail, in what sense would it still turn out for his salvation? What do these verses teach us about the can’t-lose outcomes for the true Christian? See Phil 1:21. Do we have the same attitude toward life and death as Paul did? What were the two possible outcomes of Paul’s trial, and how did he view their different results? See Phil 1:22-24. What did he see as “better”, and what as “more necessary”? Which outcome did he expect to result? See Phil 1:25-26, 2:24, Philemon 1:22. Note: several quasi-orthodox groups like the Seventh Day Adventists teach that upon physical death the human soul “sleeps” in the grave along with the body and does not separate from the body to be with the Lord. How do Paul’s words in Phil 1:23 argue against this understanding. See also Luke 23:43, 2 Cor 5:8, 1 Thess 4:14.