What command did Jesus give concerning baptism? See Matthew 28:19.
In what way does the New Testament rite of baptism (baptisma) differ from the ceremonial “washings” (baptismos) of the Jews? Mar 7:4, Heb 6:1-2, 9:10, Mat 3:7-12 and note below.
Note: While the dead formalism of the Jewish purification rituals came to epitomize the fleshly religious traditions that so many Jews supposed would save them, the rite of baptism came to epitomize the exact opposite: that true religion was religion of the heart and if one wished to truly be saved he needed not just a cleansing of the flesh but a cleansing of the heart that comes from the heartfelt repentance that John the Baptist preached to prepare the way for the Lord. It was thus in preparing the way for the Lord that John the Baptist transformed the empty formalism of the Jewish baptismos into the New Testament rite of baptisma that became the sign of the new covenant.
What is the meaning of baptism? Baptism is a picture of the washing away of ______. See Acts 22:16, Titus 3:4-7.
Baptism in/with/by water is a picture of the baptism in/with/by the ______ ______: Matthew 3:11-16, John 1:33, Acts 1:5, 2:38, 9:17-18, 10:47-48, 19:5-6, 1 Cor 12:13.
Baptism unites us with Christ in His _____ and _________: Romans 6:1-11, 1 Peter 3:21.
Baptism is the sign of the new covenant just as the _________ was the sign of the Mosaic covenant and ___________ was the sign of the Abrahamic covenant : Hebrews 4:10, Colossians 2:11-13. It is a picture of the ________ of the heart and symbolizes a “cutting away” of the sinful flesh that frees the believer to walk in the Spirit: Deuteronomy 30:6, Jeremiah 4:4, Romans 2:29. As ________ was done after physical birth as a setting apart into the covenant community of the Jews, so is baptism done after spiritual birth as a setting apart into the covenant community of the Christians. It is a testimony before witnesses that one is entering into a covenant relationship with God, just as in the marriage relationship. It is the public record of our betrothal to Christ to become His Bride: 2 Corinthians 11:2, Galatians 3:27, Isaiah 61:10-11, Ruth 3:9, Ezekiel 16:8.
Baptism is a picture of the ________ one can expect to face as a Christian: Mark 10:38-39, Luke 12:50, 2 Tim 3:12.
What requirements must be met before a person can be baptized? See Acts 2:38-41, 8:12, 16:14-15, 18:8.
From the examples of Scripture, how long after conversion (as evidenced by faith in Christ and repentance from sin) should a person wait to be baptized? See Acts 8:36-38, 9:17-18, 10:47-48, 16:30-33.
In whose name is a Christian baptized? See Acts 2:38, 8:16, 10:48, 19:5, Rom 6:3. Note: Baptism in the name of Jesus is a recognition of the Father who sent Jesus and of the Holy Spirit poured out upon those who join themselves in covenant to Him; see Mat 28:19.
What modes of baptism are described in Scripture? ___________ See John 3:23, Acts 8:38; cf. Romans 6:1-4. ____________ Compare Joel 2:28 and Acts 2:17-18,33 with Matthew 3:11 and Acts 1:5; see also Acts 11:15-16, 1 Corinthians 10:1-2, Psalm 77:17-21. _________ See Ezekiel 36:25-27, Hebrews 10:22. Note: The efficacy of Baptism lies not in its mode of application, but in understanding its meaning and becoming obedient to the newness of life in Christ into which we are baptized.
As baptism is the sign of the new covenant, what is the significance of the Lord’s Supper to the new covenant? See Exodus 24:1-11, 1 Corinthians 10:16.
Why did Jesus say we should celebrate the Lord’s Supper? See 1 Corinthians 11:24-26.
Of what were the sacrifices of the old covenant a reminder? See Hebrews 10:3. What did they look forward to? See Hebrews 10:1,11-12, 8:5-6.
Of what is the Lord’s Supper a reminder? See 1 Corinthians 11:26. What does it represent and look forward to? See Isaiah 25:6-9, Matthew 22:2, 25:10, 26:29, Luke 22:15-18, Revelation 19:7-9.
When Jesus said of the bread, “This is my body”, and of the wine, “This is my blood” (Matthew 26:28), did He mean that the elements were literally His body and blood, or figuratively? See also John 6:47-63.
What is the relationship between observing the Lord’s Supper and studying the Scriptures? With Jesus’ words in John 6:47-63 see also John 1:1,14.
What great danger does Paul warn about in regard to partaking of the covenant meal of the Lord’s Supper? See 1 Corinthians 11:27-30.
How does this danger relate to the violation of the terms of a covenant? See Leviticus 26:14-39, Deuteronomy 27:15-26, 28:15-68, etc…
What example do we have in Scripture of a person who ate the bread and drank the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner? See Luke 22:21-22, John 13:21,26-27, 1 Corinthians 11:23. What warning does his example give us? See Acts 1:18-20, 1 Corinthians 11:17-22,27.
Scriptures to Memorize: “Do you not know that all of us who have been baptized into Christ Jesus have been baptized into His death? Therefore we have been buried with Him through baptism into death, in order that as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, so we too might walk in newness of life.” (Romans 6:3-4).
“Is not the cup of blessing which we bless a sharing in the blood of Christ? Is not the bread which we break a sharing in the body of Christ?” (1 Corinthians 10:16).
“Let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of the bread and drink of the cup. For he who eats and drinks, eats and drinks judgment to himself, if he does not judge the body rightly.” (1 Corinthians 11:28-29).
Assignment: Write down in your own words the significance and meaning of baptism and the Lord’s Supper in relation to the new covenant.
The Atonement of Christ's Blood: Understanding How the Blood of Christ Saves and Reconciles us to God
- What is the relationship between Jesus’ sacrifice and our redemption, forgiveness and receiving an inheritance per the terms of the covenant / will that was effected by His death?
- From what, and to what, are we saved? Is it Jesus’ death alone that saves us? What part does His resurrection have in our salvation?
- Does the justice of God demand the satisfaction of blood before He will forgive, similar to what pagans throughout history have believed?
- What was the purpose of the Old Testament sacrifices?
- Does blood alone atone for sin?
- How does Christ’s death render powerless the devil?
- To whom was Christ’s life given as a ransom? From what are we ransomed?
- Why did Jesus not only die, but suffer and die? If all that was necessary was His shed blood, why didn’t God sovereignly ordain a more merciful death for His own dear Son?
- What is the relationship between a will or testament, and a covenant? What was willed to Jesus as an inheritance from His Father, and what was willed to us through the new testament in His blood?