1Co 10:1-4 The word “For” in 1Co 10:1 shows a connection between what follows and what precedes; what is the connection? See 1Co 9:27-10:13. What did the cloud that covered the Israelites represent? See Exodus 13:21-22, Num 9:15-22. What did their passage through the sea represent? See 1Co 10:2, cf. 1 Pet 3:20-21. What did the spiritual food they ate represent? See Deut 8:3, John 6:31-35,48-51. What did the water from the rock represent? See 1Co 10:4, John 4:10-14, 7:37-38. What is the importance to his argument of Paul saying that the Israelites were eating the same spiritual food as we eat, and drinking the same spiritual drink as we drink? See 1Co 10:6 & 11.
1Co 10:5 Who is the “them” of 1Co 10:5 with whom God was not well pleased? See 1Co 10:1. Who do they represent in Paul’s argument? See again 1Co 10:6 & 11, and 9:27. What is the significance of “most”; i.e., how many whom the Lord led out of Egypt actually entered the land of promise? See Num 14:29-30, Mat 7:13-14. What does the NASB “laid low” mean? See 1Co 10:8-10, Jude 1:5, and note that the Greek word used is the one from which we get our word “catastrophe”.
1Co 10:6-11 What four examples does Paul give to illustrate the warning of 1Co 10:5? See 1Co 10:7-10, Ex 32:1-6,17-10, Num 25:1-9, 21:5-6, 16:41-49. How did they apply to the Corinthians? See 1Co 1:11, 5:1, 8:1, 11:17-22,30-31. How do they apply to us? With 1Co 10:7 see especially 2 Tim 3:4. What is the significance of these verses to the argument of 1Co 8-9? What do they teach us about the importance of the Old Testament Scriptures to a Christian? What do they teach us about the notion that a Christian can never lose his salvation? See again 1Co 9:27, Heb 3:7-4:11.
1Co 10:12-13 What conclusion does Paul make for the Corinthians, and us, about those who suppose that because of their knowledge they stand secure in Christ? With 1Co 10:12 see 1Co 8:2. What does 1Co 10:13 teach us about the notion that sin remains inevitable for one who comes to Christ for salvation? See also Heb 4:15-16, 1 John 3:2-9.
1Co 10:14-22 What conclusion does Paul make for the Corinthians who believed there was nothing wrong with freely and knowingly eating food that had been sacrificed to idols because of their knowledge that an idol is nothing? What further argument does he make to support that conclusion? See 1Co 10:20-21. What do 1Co 10:16-18 teach us about the spiritual realities involved with the partaking of the Lord’s supper? What do 1Co 10:19-22 teach us about the spiritual realities involved with participating in distinctively non-Christian activities, regardless of any “knowledge” we might have that such activities are really nothing?
1Co 10:23-33 What principle does Paul give about the rights and freedom a believer has in the Lord? See 1Co 10:23. What conclusion does he give to those in Corinth who believed that an idol was nothing and it was perfectly OK to eat food that had been sacrificed to idols? See 1Co 10:24,28-33, Rom 15:1-2. What conclusion does he give to those who were concerned they might sin against God by unknowingly eating food that had been sacrificed to idols? See 1Co 10:25-27,31. What does this teach us about being overly scrupulous? See Galatians 5:1,13, 1 Pet 2:16. What do 1Co 10:28-29 teach us about how the law of love constrains our rights and freedoms in Christ? What is the test by which a Christian may determine if something is lawful for him to partake or engage in? See 1Co 10:30, Rom 14:6, 1 Tim 4:3-4. In what way did Paul please all men in all things (1Co 10:33)? See 1Co 9:12,15,19-23. How was his motivation different from others who also seek to please men? See Rom 16:18, Gal 4:17, 2 Pet 2:3,18, Gal 1:10, 1 Thess 2:4, and again 1 Cor 10:33.